Antonin Artaud (1896-1948). Poet, playwright, essayist and theatre director, he played a central role in 20th century avant-garde movements and is considered to be one of the fathers of contemporary theatre. In 1932 he wrote Teatre de la crueltat (Théâtre de la cruauté), a manifesto that laid the foundations of avant-garde theatre together with his plays El teatre i el seu doble (Le Théâtre et son double, 1938) and Heliogàbal (1934). Homeless and mentally ill, he spent most part of his later life living in asylums. Van Gogh, suïcidat per la societat (Van Gogh le suicidé de la société, 1947), one of his most famous works, was published shortly before his death.