Albert Camus (Mondovi, 1913 - Villeblevin, 1960), French writer and philosopher, Nobel Prize in Literature (1957) and one of the main figures of the existentialist movement, which was decisive in the evolution of literature and thinking in the 20th century —even if he himself rejected any ideological association with the movement. Despite being born an Algerian, it was when he settled in Paris in 1940 that, guided by Jean-Paul Sartre, he kickstarted his career as a writer. Among many works —essays as well as novels and fiction—, his most accomplished were the novel The Stranger (1942), the essay The Myth of Sisyphus (1942), and the plays Caligula (1944) and The Misunderstanding (1944). Camus was also actively involved in politics: his views were close to anarchism and communism and he was a member of the French Resistance during the Nazi occupation of Paris. He died at the age of 46 in a car accident.